Bush for life has been very kind in allowing me to share the resource below. I will add to it some more information generated by KPCN group members.
Bush for life has added information to say ''the recommendations stand up 14 years later, in terms of time efficient control. Fair to say that most of our staff and volunteers still hand dig and remove bulbs when dealing with Monadenia on Bush For Life sites, and then simply remove flowerheads later in the season when we run out of time to dig up the bulbs in that season. This reduces the amount of seed produced and new seedlings the next year. We still avoid disturbing the seedheads once they have seed in them, as there is too much risk of spreading the dust-like seed into new areas. All bulbs and flowerheads removed from the site need to be disposed of correctly- generally crushing them both is okay.''
In relation to the camera and battery issues that we discussed, I have included a couple of web links that may be useful. As with all things technical it may be best to discuss over the phone should you require more detail.
As far as camera batteries are concerned, I have settled on the “black” Fujitsu’s. They have a 2550 mA capacity (in AA size), are low self-discharge, and have a very low failure rate. Detailed studies have shown that they are at the top of the tree when it comes to rechargeable batteries. The “white” versions are 2000mA and are fine but I reckon that the small additional cost is justified given the 28% increase in capacity. Given a good battery charger (essential) I am anticipating hundreds of recharges from these batteries. I swapped over to these batteries about 3 years ago and have never looked back. I often run 7 x cameras @ 8 batteries per camera so I require a few but to date I have not replaced one. Gone are the days of buying disposable batteries.
Regarding cameras - there is also a sea of options however again, after a LOT of research I settled on the Brownings. No regrets so far. I run 6 and have had no problems to date. There is no doubt the Reconyx’s cameras are a better option, but at approx. 3 x the cost of the Browning’s there are $$ issues here. Other key issues to consider with cameras are: waterproofing (critical), trigger response time, overall reliability, play back function, video functionality, and “black flash” vs low glow options. A lot to think about. Seems to me that unless one is going to restrict use to one’s own property, any camera with “low-glow” functionality is likely to be stolen within the first five minutes of being left. Hence all of my cameras are "black-flash" (=100% invisible= covert). One of the problems with cameras is that companies change models more often than I change my socks, hence following the performance of a particular model can be challenging.
But in summary, Browning “black flash” cameras seem to offer: moderate cost, fast trigger time, waterproofing, good reliability, video and play back functions.
Should you want to discuss battery chargers, high power torches or thermal scope technology I am very happy to help with that too. As you can see I have a passion for seeing what goes on at night in our bushland. Just on thermal scopes - I looked for sugar gliders on our place for 8 years without seeing one. After recently purchasing a new thermal scope ($$$ ouch !!) I saw 4 in the first 15 minutes. They really do open up our world at night.
As mentioned, please find attached a couple of links which may prove useful.
I’ve attached the bird list that I made during the visit. Thirty-three species in total for the day which is a good day’s birding.
There was some discussion about orchid ID – the following is very useful and about as up-to-date as you will get – Bush Gems: a guide to the wild orchids of Victoria https://bushorchids.weebly.com/bush-gems-orchids-of-victoria.html It is available as an eBook on CD-rom which I have loaded to my laptop and phone.
There are also some new plant ID tools becoming available which use Lucid technology. Very powerful and fairly intuitive to use. Unlike traditional plant keys you can usually identify things with incomplete information e.g. seed characteristics when you don’t have seeds available. At the moment these are only available for some of the larger plant families. You need to be online to use them.
The Pea Key - https://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/peakey/key/The%20Pea%20Key/Media/Html/index.html
Wattle – Acacias of Australia - https://apps.lucidcentral.org/wattle/text/intro/index.html
Euclid - Eucalypts of Australia - https://apps.lucidcentral.org/euclid/text/intro/index.html
Asteraceae of Victoria - https://vicflora.rbg.vic.gov.au/static/keys/asteraceae and click “Go to Key Player”
We spent quite a bit of time talking about weeds and, in particular African Weed Orchid. I’ve attached a set of photos that I prepared so that I could show people what to look for. Feel free to print copies to show others.
We were also discussing the difference between Brown Stringybark (Eucalyptus baxteri) and Desert Stringybark (Eucalyptus arenacea). There are a few features to identify them, though the bud seems to be the clearest (rough/warty bud cap on Brown Stringy and non-warty on Desert Stringy) - images from RBG attached. The fruit (nut) on Brown Stringy is generally sessile (no stalk), where as the fruit on Desert has a very short pedicel (stalk). Attached are descriptions from Eucalypts of Victoria & Tasmania by D. Nicolle. Flora of Victoria online is a great resource too;
Brown Stringybark: https://vicflora.rbg.vic.gov.au/flora/taxon/f970ddca-8b2c-4160-8368-54d9e0bbfa92
Desert Stringybark: https://vicflora.rbg.vic.gov.au/flora/taxon/bf1845b1-4701-4887-90f0-476035bf9f55
Written by Mirinda Thorpe
An identification feature between Sudell's Frog (Neobatrachus sudelli) and Painted Frog/Mallee Spadefoot (Neobatrachus pictus) is that Sudell's has what is referred to as 'baggy pants', which is loose skin from the the groin to the knee (seen when stretching the back legs out), where as the Mallee Spadefoot has taught groin skin.
Written by Mirinda Thorpe
Following much discussion and after several iterations our Spring Gathering did actually happen! We spent Saturday October 3rd at Roy and Lynne Pail’s property, “Krurr Rak Conservation Reserve”, near Clear Lake.
It was great to be able to get together in person again after the cancellation of our May meeting. Of course our Melbourne members were missed, but we hope to see you next May.
The day began with Roy sharing some of his vast knowledge about reptiles and giving us a close up look at a variety of frogs, skinks, geckos and lizards found on his property. For some the highlight of Roy’s presentation was getting close to a couple of his captive bred animals, namely a Tasmanian Tiger snake and a Stimson’s Python (or Large Blotched Python – native to north WA). (Others were a bit more wary!)
We spent several hours wandering through the bush, observing / photographing / learning about plants and all creatures great and small. Roy has a particular interest in animals and uses game cameras to find out what lives where.
We also heard something of the history of the 335acre property, which was used for grazing up until the early 2000s. Iestyn was involved in the direct seeding of 2 ha and planting of 30,000 speedlings (small cells) in 2003. He gave us insights into what he has learned by watching the property since then, including: bulokes regenerating from lignotubers, which had been grazed down for decades; species such as Callitris germinating up to 16 years after sewing; how much seed is needed for such a project etc.
A discussion about why we all do what we do, looking after our properties for conservation proved to be relevant for many. It was good to hear what motivates different people, as well as some of the frustrations we face.
For those who could stay, a night walk followed an enjoyable meal around the campfire. Thermal scopes proved useful at finding cold things – frogs, who knew rain was imminent!
Let’s hope that by spring 2021 it will be legal to camp on private property without having to be in the household bubble of the owners!
This page is to record conversations held within the group that would be useful for sharing information.